Any organization, agencies or health care provider that stores, processes or transmits medical records, medical claims, remittances, or certifications electronically have to comply with HIPAA regulations. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act states that the information and health care data of any individual must be safeguarded and protected by covered entities and individual should be able access their own medical records, correct errors or omissions, and be informed how personal information is shared and used.
HIPAA laws and regulations are divided into several rules and these are stated as follow:-
Privacy Rule: –
This rule states that individuals health care data must be protected secured and should be kept confidential. HIPPA’s Privacy Rule applies to health plans, health care clearinghouses, and health care providers that conduct health care transactions electronically. Privacy Rule also state that individuals must be informed on the uses and disclosures of their data and even if there is any data breach.
Privacy rule also set limits on the use of patient’s data and it gives right to patient over their health record, including rights to examine and obtain a copy of their health information, and to request corrections.
Security Rule: –
Security rule in HIPAA set codes for the security and confidentiality of PHI (protected health information). Similar to privacy rule, the security rule also deals with identifiable health information. It layout many codes and specifications protecting data with attention to how PHI is stored, accessed, and transmitted to maximize protection.
HIPAA Transaction & Code Sets Rule: –
This rule take care about the use of predefined transaction standards and standard sets for communications and transactions in the health-care.
HIPAA Unique Identifier Rule: –
HIPAA unique Identifiers Rule defines unique identifiers that are used for covered entities in HIPAA transactions. The use of these identifiers will promote standardization, efficiency and consistency. it is a main component of HIPAA
HIPAA Enforcement Rule and Violations: –
This rule directly stems on compliance, investigations, hearings, and penalties for violations on those organizations who do not comply with HIPAA.
HIPAA Breach Notification Rule (BNR):-
BNR sets guidelines and specification under which organizations and health care agencies need to report data leaks of PHI information to affected patients and HHS. Health care agencies must inform individual and HHS within 60 days following the breach discovery.
Omnibus Final Rule:-
OFR focuses on tightening and clarifying codes and standards that are enclosed in the HIPAA Privacy, Security, Enforcement, and Breach Rules.
These are all important regulations of HIPAA compliance and each and every health care companies and agencies must comply with them.